This Site is for a US audience  |  For Non-US Residents

Diet & Exercise Tips

If you’re living with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), it’s important to eat a balanced diet and maintain a healthy weight. While it may be difficult to stay active with your condition, under your doctor’s guidance you may be able to exercise more than you thought you could. The following tips can help you stay on track with your diet and incorporate some activity into your routine. These are only suggestions, so make sure to talk to your doctor about your diet and exercise plan.

Dietary Do’s & Don’ts

  • Eat foods that are rich in fiber, including plenty of fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains
  • Consume a diet low in cholesterol, saturated fat, refined sugar, and excess calories
  • Drink water, unsweetened tea, or coffee instead of sweetened drinks
  • Bake, broil, grill, or steam food
  • Pay attention to portion size, especially when dining out
  • Incorporate low-fat dairy products and lean meats, poultry, or fish into your diet
  • Try eating smaller, more frequent meals with varied textures and flavors if your doctor has advised you to gain some weight. Some fats are okay! Foods with healthy fats, such as unsalted nuts or seeds, olive or canola oils, eggs, or avocados, can help you gain weight in a healthy way
  • Eat too much sodium. You should consume no more than 1500 mg to 2400 mg (a teaspoon of salt) a day, as more than that can increase your risk of developing swelling (also called edema). Fast food, smoked or cured meats, and processed foods are generally high in sodium, so steer clear of them. Use herbs or spices to substitute some of the salt you use to season food
  • Don’t forget to ask your doctor about consuming vitamin K, as too much vitamin K can interfere with blood thinners you may be taking. Foods high in vitamin K include kale, spinach, collard greens, Swiss chard, broccoli, brussels sprouts, and prunes
  • Drink too many sugary beverages, such as sodas or fruit juices
  • Fry foods in oil

Staying active

NEXT: Work and Personal Life

Understanding the basics

Learn about CTEPH, its symptoms, and how it’s diagnosed.